Замок Чордара

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Навоийская область, поселок Канимех
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Замок Чордара – это древнейший исторический памятник эпохи античности, расположенный в Канимехском районе Навоийской области. Он представляет собой укрепленный замок, датируемый V (пятым) веком до нашей эры. До наших дней сравнительно хорошо сохранились стены и дверные проёмы, построенные в виде арок.  Главным материалом для строительства замка стал крупный сырцовый кирпич, а также блоки из пахсы (битая глина).

При проведении археологических раскопок на территории замка были найдены хорошо сохранившиеся фрагменты гончарной посуды, широко использовавшиеся в V в.  до н.э., которые и помогли установить точную дату постройки памятника Чордара. Кроме того, там были найдены сырцовые кирпичи размерами 50х30х10 см, которые также применялись в это время по всей Средней Азии при строительстве сооружений архитектуры.

Приблизительно в это же время, в VI–V вв. до н. э., в Зарафшанской долине в самом разгаре было проведение градостроительных работ, низовья Зарафшана (нынешняя территория Бухарского оазиса) стали активно осваиваться. Древние постройки архитектурного памятника Чордара свидетельствуют о том, что  в текущее время (V век до н.э.) в среднем течении Зарафшана  осваиваются земли под сельское хозяйство. Это указывает на то, что культурная жизнь Навоийской области, входящий на то время в состав древнего Согда, начинается не позднее V в. до н. э. При тщательном исследовании данной местности, вдоль русла протока Канимеха были обнаружены еще несколько руинов от усадеб того же времени, от которых, впрочем, сохранились лишь культурные слои и фундаменты зданий.

Стоит отметить, что сохранившиеся до нас останки уникального замка Чордара являются редким историко-археологическим источником, сохранивший в себе информацию не только о характере его строения, но и ценные сведения того времени.

Ближайшие исторические памятники: Дворец Чормгар-Чорбог

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Опубликовано: 10.04.2018


Категория: Навои

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