Дворец Худояр-хана

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Город Коканд
Республика Узбекистан, Ферганская область
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Дворец Худояр-хана является главной исторической достопримечательностью города Коканд расположенного в Ферганской долине. Кокандская «Урда»  что означает цитадель или Дворец Худояр-хана был построен в 1871 году по приказу Худояр-хана.

Худояр-хан был последним правителем Кокандского ханства, который на протяжении 30 лет оставался у власти. Худояр – хан стал правителем Кокандского ханства, когда ему исполнилось 12 лет, за довольно долгий срок своего правления он несколько раз лишался власти, и каждый раз вновь завоевывал ее, тем самым оставил большой след в истории.

Кокандская «Урда» была 7 по счету замком хана. Она была построена на последнем этапе правления Худояр-хана. По некоторым данным архитектором дворца был некий ферганский мастер Мир Убайдулла. На строительство седьмого ханского замка было привезено множество мастеров из разных городов Кокандского ханства. Новый замок хана должен был превзойти по красоте и богатству убранства все остальные замки, утверждая могущество Худояр-хана.

После завершения строительства замок занимал площадь в 4 гектара. Внутренняя часть замка состояла из 7 небольших дворов. Всего в здании было около 199 комнат. Все помещения замка были украшены ажурной резьбой по ганчу, орнаментальной росписью темперными красками и позолоченными карнизами.
Дворец был построен на 3-х метровой платформе. Главный вход имел замечательный портал украшенный майоликовой облицовкой. На портале была выложена надпись на арабском языке следующего содержания: «Великий Саид Мухаммад Худояр-хан». Кроме того к главному входу вел пандус. Вокруг дворца было установлено два забора – внутренний и внешний.

В настоящее время от некогда могущественного сооружения осталось только 2 двора, 19 комнат и фасадная часть длинна, которой составляет 70 метров. Внутри замка имеется мечеть, краеведческий музей и кладбище кокандских ханов.

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Опубликовано: 27.03.2018


Категория: Фергана

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